Ectomyelois (Apomyelois) ceratoniae

Ectomyelois (Apomyelois) ceratoniae

Ectomyelois (Apomyelois) ceratoniae

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Ectomyelois ceratoniae, the moth of the carob tree, more ambiguously known as "moth of the carob tree", is a moth of the family Pyralidae. It has an almost cosmopolitan distribution.

Adults have front wings with a pale brown pattern, and smooth white rear wings. The female moths find suitable fruits or nuts to lay their eggs using volatile substances emitted by fungi that are infecting the material.

The larvae are translucent white, with the internal organs visible from the outside. They feed on the seeds and pods of a wide range of plants, including Punica granatum, Citrus, Pistacia vera, Juglans regia, Prunus dulcis, Macadamia integrifolia, Acacia farnesiana, Caesalpinia sappan, Cassia bicapsularis, Ricinus, Erythrina monosperma, Haematoxylum campechianum, Prosopis juliflora, Samanea saman, Phoenix dactylifera and Ceratonia siliqua. It is a considerable agricultural pest, recognized as the most economically damaging pest of the date industry in California. In many regions of the world, it also harms many other high-value fruits and nuts, such as almonds, pistachios, macadamias, pomegranates and stone fruits and pips.

Pheromone mimics are commercially available from ISCA Technologies. This pheromone lure is formulated to consistently deliver the optimal level of pheromone imitation to attract males to monitor glue traps, allowing producers to monitor the presence and density of the pest population in the field. By using pheromone traps, growers know where, how much, and when control measures should be activated.

In 2007, the Phoenix dactylifera industry of the California date produced 17,700 tons of dates on 5,900 acres, with a gross value of about $ 31.86 million. During the last 25 years, the carob moth has caused between 10 and 40% of harvestable crop damage annually, equivalent to approximately $ 3.1 - $ 12.7 million in economic losses, not including control costs.

Until recently, the only control current for the carob moth was malathion powder, three or four times per growing season. Due to the height of the palms (sometimes more than 50 feet), commercial treatments were applied exclusively by the powerful powder equipment that delivers the insecticide powder through a hand-held tube. This produces a "mist" of insecticide during the application that essentially covers the soil with malathion, which is a waste and creates unintended effects on other animal species, as well as "environmental pollution". In addition, the accumulation of malathion powder on the skin of the dates creates problems with the desiccation of the fruit, reducing the overall quality of the product. The invasion of date gardens and urban areas has been forcing the producers of the California date to move away from the malathion dust, but until recently, there were no other alternatives for the control of the carob moth.

The mimic pheromone used in the monitoring decoys also provided a viable non-toxic alternative to control the carob moth. [5] When the mimic pheromone is formulated in SPLAT, it can be used to control moth populations through "mating disruption" in date gardens and orchards of pomegranates and almonds. Extensive field trials with the formulation of pheromone mimetics SPLAT EC and its organic counterpart, SPLAT EC-Organic, have shown that effective control throughout the season of populations in dated gardens is achieved after a single application of the mimetic formulation of pheromones. SPLAT EC or SPLAT EC-Organic are deployed as preventive measures to protect an area against tick moth infestation. The products do not "kill" the moths, they control the populations by interrupting their mating with the volatiles of the pheromone mimic emitted by SPLAT EC and SPLAT EC-O. Therefore, the moment of application of the product is important to optimally guide the mating season.

APCE P
Data sheet
Format
Vial
Duration
45 days / 6 weeks
Affects
Horticultural and Fruit
Units
1u

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Ectomyelois (Apomyelois) ceratoniae

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